Since the ratification of the CRPD, although some societies are moving on from an approach that segregated disabled people from the rest of society, including in employment, people with intellectual disabilities are frequently not well placed to gain from this changed emphasis in inclusion.  

Stereotypes, mistaken assumptions and negative attitudes often combine to preclude people with Down syndrome and intellectual disability from employment.  Linked to these mind sets, factors such as lack of education and training can present further disadvantages in seeking jobs.